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Add constraint to a restoration problem (restopt_problem()) object to specify that only certain planning units can be selected for restoration activities.


add_available_areas_constraint(problem, data, touches = FALSE)



restopt_problem() Restoration problem object.


terra::rast() or terra::vect() Either a raster object containing binary values hat indicate which planning units can be selected for restoration (i.e., only cells with a value equal one are available), or a vector object whose features correspond to the available areas.


logical If the available area data is a vector, define wether the rasterization must include all pixels touching the polygons. (see terra::rasterize()). Useless if the data is raster data.


An updated restoration problem (restopt_problem()) object.


Available areas constraints can be used to incorporate a wide range of criteria into restoration planning problems. They can be used to account for existing land-use practices, feasibility of restoration activities, and stakeholder preferences. For example, available areas constraints can be used to ensure that urban areas are not selected for restoration. Additionally, if restoration activities can only be implemented depending on certain conditions -- such as places where landscape slope is not too steep -- then available areas constraints could be used to ensure restoration activities are not prioritized for places where they could not be implemented. Furthermore, if stakeholders require solutions that do not prioritize particular places for restoration, then available areas constraints can also be used to achieve this. See add_locked_out_constraint(), which achieve the same as available areas constraint by defining areas that are NOT available for restoration. Note: The locked out constraint and the available are the same constraints, with a different input data. Thus, from a modelling perspective, add_available_areas_constraint() is just a pre processing layer in front of add_locked_out_constraint(). This is why if you print a restopt problem with an available areas constraint, you will see a locked out constraint.


# \donttest{
# load data
habitat_data <- rast(
  system.file("extdata", "habitat_hi_res.tif", package = "restoptr")

available <- vect(
system.file("extdata", "accessible_areas.gpkg", package = "restoptr")

# plot data
plot(available, add=TRUE)

# create problem with available areas constraints
p <- restopt_problem(
    existing_habitat = habitat_data,
    aggregation_factor = 16,
    habitat_threshold = 0.7
  ) %>%
  set_max_iic_objective() %>%
    min_restore = 5,
    max_restore = 5,
  ) %>%
  add_available_areas_constraint(available) %>%
  add_settings(time_limit = 1)

# print problem
#> ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
#>                          Restopt                          
#> ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
#> original habitat:     habitat_hi_res.tif 
#> aggregation factor:   16 
#> habitat threshold:    0.7 
#> existing habitat:     in memory 
#> restorable habitat:   in memory 
#> ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
#> objective:            Maximize integral index of connectivity 
#> ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
#> constraints:          
#>   -  restorable (min_restore = 5, max_restore = 5, min_proportion = 1, unit = ha) 
#>   -  locked out (data = in memory) 
#> ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
#> settings: 
#>   - precision = 4
#>   - time_limit = 1
#>   - nb_solutions = 1
#>   - optimality_gap = 0
#>   - solution_name_prefix = Solution  
#> ----------------------------------------------------------------- 

# solve problem
s <- solve(p)
#> Note: The current solution is the best that the solver could find within the time limit. However, the solver had not enough to prove whether it is optimal or not. Consider increasing the time limit if you need a better solution (solving time = 1.1 s)

# plot solution

# }